KSPI establishment and existence can not be separated from the dynamics occurring within the SPSI post 1998. Since the issuance of Kepmenaker no 5 1998 on the registration of trade unions, many unions are established in Indonesia. This raises concerns among SPSI's board members. On the other hand, SPSI officials began to question their organizational form; which is in the shape of the Federation but the highest sovereignty in the hands of members, i.e. the people.